The United States is a sovereign country recognized by all nations and organized constitutionally as a federal nation, its territory is located in the northern part of the American continent, and is divided into 50 official states and the Washington DC federal district also called capital district for being the Capital of United States.

The capital of the United States is Washington and it is there where the command centers of the three branches of power of the United States are located. Also because of its political and economic importance, this city houses the main offices of several international entities such as the Bank. World, the IMF, the OAS, the IDB, among others.

History of Washington DC

Washington is a city planned and developed to serve as the capital of the country, it is located in the District of Columbia founded in 1790 where a year later it becomes official as Washington as a new city within the district. In the year of 1871 the government of Washington is united with the government of Georgetown and other remote populations to integrate a single entity with the name of DC.

In 1860 the city of Washington had a small population of 75,000 inhabitants, however after the American Civil War in 1861 the city grew remarkably reaching a population of close to 132,000 inhabitants.

At the end of the 19th century there was an initiative to give a monumental aspect to the city, counting with renowned architects like Frederick Law Olmsted and Daniel Burnham. And that was how in 1888 the Washington Monument was inaugurated, however the monuments of Lincoln, and the construction of the Potomac Park was not started at the beginning of the 20th century.


District Government

From 1871 when Georgetown was integrated into Washington as much as the District of Columbia as the city of Washington, it became governor under the same entity of municipal government. Considering the district and the capital as a single entity simplified in practice the way of government, that is why there were several jurisdictions of government within the municipality.