Coffee is a tree which grows mainly in tropical countries, such as Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil, among others, but it can also be grown in countries far from the tropics by carrying out some strategies that provide adequate temperature to the plants simulating their natural habitat. . In this article we will teach you how to grow coffee trees in countries such as the United States that have climatic Stations not suitable for growing coffee.
As previously mentioned, the climatic conditions of the United States are not the most appropriate for the cultivation of coffee, since in the tropics the coffee zones usually have an average temperature of 22 to 25 ° C, temperatures that are very difficult to reach in the United States. especially in the winter season.
Steps to grow coffee
The first phase in the cultivation of coffee is the germination of the seeds, these are sown on a surface of sand and left there until the seed springs and obtains its first two leaves.
2. Cultivation in bags.
Once the plant has its two leaves it should be transparent in bags with black earth, in this way the crop is facilitated while it grows and at the same time it is guaranteed that the plant grows healthy and strong.
After about 9 months in the bags the coffee tree will be able to be taken to the land and grow healthily the place where it will be grown for good. Coffee should be sown at a distance of 1.2 meters between trees.
Techniques for coffee cultivation in the United States.
To ensure that the tree can grow in extreme climates it is necessary to take into account the following special care.
1. In the three phases of cultivation the plant should be protected from extreme cold, the best way is to make the germinators and plant in fully covered greenhouses that avoid falling snow directly on the leaves. You can also choose to cover the trees with thermal blankets to protect the trees during the winter.
2. It is necessary to constantly fumigate the plants with potassium-rich fungicides to help maintain the necessary temperature for the plants.