The southern region South of the United States or also called American is the set of 14 States which are characterized by their dialect, considered to be one of the most marked and easily recognizable country dialects.
South of US English is a great collection of dialects spoken in the South of this country, although increasingly these variations or dialects have displaced most surrounding rural areas still remains one of linguistic variations more important or representative of the United States.
The southern English expanded in the southern States in the middle of the 19th century during the second world war, thus the English South of the United States is divided into its dialects which have some variations in terms of the use of words and the Shneiderman in general language, between the Sub-dialects stands n the English of the Appalachians, the English Texas and African American English which has words and pronunciation similar to English of the South the strong historical ties of the African American the South.
States where English is spoken in the South of United States
Although in theory it is said that the southern dialect is spoken in the States of this cardinal point, already in practice are the States of the South West of the country where this dialect is used, thus says that the States where the southern dialect is denoted e more measured are:
- North Carolina
- South Carolina
- West Virginia
Main features of the southern US English
As I had mentioned earlier southern dialect is characterized by variations phonetic, grammatical and lexical of the English language, here are some of them
- Use of done as an auxiliary verb between the subject and verb in sentences conveying the past be taken.
- I done told you before.
- Use of done (instead of did) as the past simple form of do, and similar uses of the past participle in place of the simple past, such as seen replacing saw as past simple form of see.
- I only done what you done told me.
- I seen her first.
- Use of other non-standard preterites, Such as drownded as the past tense of drown, knowed as past tense of know, choosed as the past tense of choose, degradated as the past tense of degrade.
- I knowed you for a fool soon as I seen you.
- Use of was in place of were, or other words regularizing the past tense of be to was.
- You was sittin’ ‘ on that chair.
- Use of been instead of have been in perfect constructions.
- I been livin’ here darn near my whole life.
- Use of double modals (might could, might, should, would, could, etc.-to used – also called “modal stacking”) and sometimes even triple modals that involve oughta (like might should oughta)
- I might could climb to the top.
- I used to could do that.
- Use of (a-) fixin’ to, just “fixing to” or in more modern Southern, to indicate immediate future action in place of intending to, preparing to, or about to.
- He’s fixin’ to eat.
- They’re fixing to go for a hike.
- Preservation of older English me, him, etc. as reflexive datives.
- I’m fixin’ to paint me a picture.
- He’s gonna catch him a big one.
- Saying here in this place of this or this one, and that there in place of that or that one.
- This here’s mine and that there is yours.
- Existential It, a feature dating from Middle English which can be explained as substituting it for there when there refers to no physical location, but only to the existence of something.
- It’s one lady that lives in town.
- Use of ever in place of every.
- Ever ‘where’s the same these days.
Representative of the southern English words
Below is a list of words that are commonly used in the United States English.
Ain’t to mean am not, is not, are not, have not, have not, etc.
- Buggy to mean shopping cart
- To additionally carry mean escort or accompany
- Catty corner to mean located or placed diagonally
- Chill bumps as a synonym for goose bumps
- Coke to mean any sweet, carbonated soft drink
- Crawfish to mean crayfish
- Devil is beating his wife to describes the weather phenomenon of a sunshower
- Icing (preferred over frosting, in the confectionary sense)
- Liketa to mean almost or nearly (particularly in Alabama and Appalachian English)
- Ordinary to mean disreputable
- Ornery to mean bad-tempered or surly (derived from ordinary)
- Powerful to mean great in number or amount (used as an adverb)
- Right to mean very or extremely (used as an adverb)
- Reckon to mean think, guess, or conclude
- Rolling to mean the prank of toilet papering
- As a synonym for coleslaw Slaw
- Toboggan to mean knit cap