The capital of the United States of America has been Washington D.C since 1800. Also each of the fifty states of USA and its five main territories has its own capital.

USA Map

The United States has an area of ​​9,160,000 km2 and a current population of 327 millions of people. This gives it a population density of 35.70 inhabitants per km2.

State Capitals

The following table lists each of the 50 US states with their respective capitals and their year.

StateCapitalDate of Status
AlabamaMontgomery1819
AlaskaJuneau1959
ArizonaPhoenix1912
ArkansasLittle Rock1836
CaliforniaSacramento1850
ColoradoDenver1876
ConnecticutHartford1788
DelawareDover1787
FloridaTallahassee1845
GeorgiaAtlanta1788
HawaiiHonolulu1959
IdahoBoise1890
IllinoisSpringfield1818
IndianaIndianapolis1816
IowaDes Moines1846
KansasTopeka1861
KentuckyFrankfort1792
LouisianaBaton Rouge1812
MaineAugusta1820
MarylandAnnapolis1788
MassachusettsBoston1788
MichiganLansing1837
MinnesotaSaint Paul1858
MississippiJackson1817
MissouriJefferson City1821
MontanaHelena1889
NebraskaLincoln1867
NevadaCarson City1864
New HampshireConcord1788
New JerseyTrenton1787
New MexicoSanta Fe1912
New YorkAlbany1788
North CarolinaRaleigh1789
North DakotaBismarck1889
OhioColumbus1803
OklahomaOklahoma City1907
OregonSalem1859
PensilvaniaHarrisburg1787
Rhode IslandProvidence1790
South CarolinaColumbia1788
South DakotaPierre1889
TennesseeNashville1796
TexasAustin1845
UtahSalt Lake City1896
VermontMontpelier1791
VirginiaRichmond1788
WashingtonOlympia1889
West VirginiaCharleston1863
WisconsinMadison1848
WyomingCheyenne1890

In 33 states of the country, the capital is not the most populous city. Just as only two of the capitals (Trenton and Carson City) are on the border with another state. While Juneau shares a border with the Canadian Province of British Columbia.

Unrecognized National capitals.

There was a group of nations within the United States that were never officially recognized as independent sovereign entities.

Vermont Republic

Before joining the United States as the fourteenth state, it was an independent republic called the “Republic of Vermont.” In which two cities served as the capital of such republic:

  • Westminster, 1777
  • Windsor, 1777-1791

Once it officially became a federal state of the United States, its capital changed to Montpelier.

Confederate States of America

The Confederate States of America had two capitals. The first founded on February 4, 1861 in Montgomery. And another after being transferred to Richmond on May 29, 1861.

  • Montgomery, Alabama: February 4, 1861 – May 29, 1861
  • Richmond, Virginia: May 29, 1861 – April 3, 1865.

Franklin State

It was an autonomous secessionist territory created shortly after the end of the American Revolution. The state of Franklin later became part of the state of Tennessee. It existed for only four years.

  • Jonesborough, 1784
  • Greeneville, 1785

Muskogee State

It was a Native American state that was short-lived in Florida. It existed from 1799 to 1803. It had only one capital.

  • Miccosukee, 1799 – 1803

West Florida Republic

A short-lived republic consisting of parts of Louisiana, Florida, Mississippi, and Alabama.

  • St. Francisville, 1810
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